The Ukrainian-Latvian legal framework commenced to rapidly develop starting from 1992 following the conclusion of the Protocol on the establishment of diplomatic relations on December 2, 1992 and as at 2021 the legal ties between both sides have grown into a comprehensive corpus of the effective instruments regulating the bilateral cooperation.
At present, the legal framework between Ukraine and Latvia totals over 90 documents, including 5 interstate treaties, 28 intergovernmental and 59 interagency agreements.
Given the multilateral instruments and other agreements wherein Ukraine and Latvia act as the parties, the related legal framework numbers more than 300 documents: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/main/c271.
Accordingly, the respective instruments embrace the legal relationship between Ukraine and Latvia in all major areas of the bilateral cooperation.
In particular, the bilateral interaction is grounded on the provisions of the following legal instruments:
- the interstate Treaty on friendship and cooperation (signed on 23 May 1995; entered into force on 22 May 1996);
- the interstate Treaty on legal assistance and legal relations in civil, family, labour and criminal matters (signed on 23 May 1995; entered into force on 12 July 1996);
- the intergovernmental Agreement on promotion and mutual protection of investments (signed on 24 July 1997; entered into force on 30 December 1997);
- the intergovernmental Agreement on economic, industrial, scientific and technical cooperation (signed on 5 October 2004; entered into force on 1 February 2006), and other documents.
At the present stage of the bilateral relationship, the Ukrainian-Latvian legal framework has been further augmented with the intergovernmental Agreement on cooperation in the field of education, science, youth and sports (entered into force in 2019), along with the Memorandum between the Ukrainian Ministry of Economic Development and the Latvian Ministry of Justice on protection of industrial property rights (entered into force in 2019), as well as with the interagency Agreement on cooperation in the field of environmental protection (entered into force in 2017). Moreover, during an official visit of President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelenskyy to the Republic of Latvia on October 16, 2019, the sides concluded the Memorandum of understanding (MoU) between the Ukrainian and Latvian Ministries of Justice (entered into force on the date of its signature). Furthermore, on November 29, 2019, the parties concluded the MoU between the Ukrainian National Commission for the State Regulation of Communications and Informatization and the Latvian Public Utilities Commission on cooperation in the field of electronic communications regulation (entered into force on the date of its signature).
On May 8, 2021, President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelenskyy held a video conference with President of the Republic of Latvia Egils Levits, as a result of which the heads of state signed a joint Declaration on Ukraine's European prospect.