On 26 February 2019 the Riga Graduate School of Law hosted a public discussion “Current state of the conflict settlement in Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine: Security, Political and Human Rights Implications of the illegal Russian Military presence“, organized by the Embassies of Georgia, Moldova, and Ukraine in Riga.
The event aimed to provide the latest updates in the conflict resolution processes, national policies and positions of the countries.
Ambassador of Georgia, H.E. Thea Maisuradze, Ambassador of Moldova, H.E. Eugen Revenco and Charge d’Affaires of Ukraine in Latvia Alisa Podolyak argued that despite numerous calls and efforts of international community, Russian Federation continues the blatant violation of principles of International Law, including those enshrined in the UN Charter, Helsinki Final Act and European Convention of Human Rights and remains in breach with its international commitments.
The need for more active engagement of international community was highlighted in conflict settlement process, as a prerequisite for their peaceful resolution and restoration of international law principles in conflict areas.
Ambassador of Georgia, H.E. Thea Maisuradze spoke about the Russia’s full-scale military aggression conducted in Georgia in August 2008, followed by the military occupation of two regions of Georgia: Abkhazia and Tskhinvali region/South Ossetia. Ambassador emphasized the alarming human rights and security situation in the occupied regions. She stressed that Russian military invasion in Georgia in 2008 in full violation of International law, was a clear attack on European Security Architecture and an attempt to change the rules based international order. The same pattern was later used against Ukraine in 2014.
Ambassador of the Republic of Moldova Eugen Revenco assessed the last evolutions in confidence building measures and resuming of the negotiations on Transnistrian conflict in the 5+2 format, as well as the Moldovan – Georgian- Ukrainian trilateral initiatives. Recalling the UN GA Resolution of 22.06.2018 on withdrawal of the Russian Army and ammunitions, he pointed that the demilitarization of the transnistrian region remains one of the priorities of Moldova’s government. He briefed also the audience about efforts of the government to decrease energy dependency on Russia and increase energy security of the country.
The Ukrainian diplomat told about the recent developments with regard to Russian aggression on the temporarily occupied areas of Donetsk and Luhansk regions, on-going occupation of Crimea and violation of human rights in the occupied territories by the Russian occupation administration. As it was mentioned, no progress has been made in implementation of the Minsk agreements, which indicates the need for tougher political and economic pressure on Russia in order to achieve a considerable progress.
The Latvian insight of Russian aggression against the countries was presented by the Director General of the Bilateral Relations Directorate of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Latvia, Ilgvars Kļava, who confirmed Latvia’s unwavering position of support of territorial integrity and sovereignty of Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine within the internationally recognized borders.
Opening remarks were made by Prof. Janis Ikstens, Rector of RGSL. The public discussion was moderated by the former Ambassador of the USA to the Republic of Moldova, James Pettit.
The discussion was attended by diplomatic corps accredited to Riga, members of Saeima, government officials, NGOs, academia, students and media.